These Ancient Troubling Disparities and Tribal Hatreds
Source: University of Sheffield
DNA sat nav uncovers ancient Ashkenaz and predicts where Yiddish originated
April 20, 2016
• GPS tool has pinpointed origin of Yiddish speakers
• Findings provide opposing theory to the view that Yiddish is an old German dialect
The origin of Yiddish, the millennium old language of Ashkenazic Jews, is something which linguists have questioned for decades.
MapNow, a pioneering tool – the Geographic Population Structure (GPS) – which converts DNA data into its ancestral coordinates, has helped scientists pinpoint that the DNA of Yiddish speakers could have originated from four ancient villages in north-eastern Turkey.
The research, led by Dr Eran Elhaik from the University of Sheffield, suggests the Yiddish language was invented by Iranian and Ashkenazic Jews as they traded on the Silk Road around the 9th century when they arrived Slavic lands
The ancient villages, identified by the GPS tool, are clustered close to the crossroads of the Silk Roads and are named Iskenaz, Eskenaz, Ashanaz, and Ashkuz – names which may derive from the word “Ashkenaz.”
“Language, geography and genetics are all connected,” said Dr Eran Elhaik from the University’s Department of Animal and Plant Sciences.
“Using the GPS tool to analyse the DNA of sole Yiddish and non-Yiddish speakers, we were able to predict the possible ancestral location where Yiddish originated over 1,000 years ago – a question which linguists have debated over for many years.”
He added: “North east Turkey is the only place in the world where these place names exist – which strongly implies that Yiddish was established around the first millennium at a time when Jewish traders who were plying the Silk Road moved goods from Asia to Europe wanted to keep their monopoly on trade.
“They did this by inventing Yiddish – a secret language that very few can speak or understand other than Jews. Our findings are in agreement with an alternative theory that suggests Yiddish has Iranian, Turkish, and Slavic origins and explains why Yiddish contains 251 words for the terms ‘buy’ and ‘sell’. This is what we can expect from a language of experienced merchants.”
DNA GPS: What is the origin of Yiddish?
Please go to University of Sheffield website to read the entire article.
Localizing Ashkenazic Jews to Primeval Villages in the Ancient Iranian Lands of Ashkenaz
March 3, 2016
Ranajit Das,1,2 Paul Wexler,3 Mehdi Pirooznia,4 and Eran Elhaik1,*
Author information ► Article notes ► Copyright and License information ►
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
The Yiddish language is over 1,000 years old and incorporates German, Slavic, and Hebrew elements. The prevalent view claims Yiddish has a German origin, whereas the opposing view posits a Slavic origin with strong Iranian and weak Turkic substrata. One of the major difficulties in deciding between these hypotheses is the unknown geographical origin of Yiddish speaking Ashkenazic Jews (AJs). An analysis of 393 Ashkenazic, Iranian, and mountain Jews and over 600 non-Jewish genomes demonstrated that Greeks, Romans, Iranians, and Turks exhibit the highest genetic similarity with AJs. The Geographic Population Structure analysis localized most AJs along major primeval trade routes in northeastern Turkey adjacent to primeval villages with names that may be derived from “Ashkenaz.” Iranian and mountain Jews were localized along trade routes on the Turkey’s eastern border. Loss of maternal haplogroups was evident in non-Yiddish speaking AJs. Our results suggest that AJs originated from a Slavo-Iranian confederation, which the Jews call “Ashkenazic” (i.e., “Scythian”), though these Jews probably spoke Persian and/or Ossete. This is compatible with linguistic evidence suggesting that Yiddish is a Slavic language created by Irano-Turko-Slavic Jewish merchants along the Silk Roads as a cryptic trade language, spoken only by its originators to gain an advantage in trade. Later, in the 9th century, Yiddish underwent relexification by adopting a new vocabulary that consists of a minority of German and Hebrew and a majority of newly coined Germanoid and Hebroid elements that replaced most of the original Eastern Slavic and Sorbian vocabularies, while keeping the original grammars intact.
Keywords: archaeogenetics, Yiddish, Ashkenazic Jews, Ashkenaz, geographic population structure (GPS), Rhineland Hypothesis
Paramount geographical movements, due to voluntary migration or forced resettlement, are often reflected in a language’s lexicon as a new stratum of words and phrases that may replace or modify archaic terms. In an analogy to species’ struggle to survive, Darwin remarked that “a struggle for life is constantly going on among the words and grammatical forms in each language” (1871). This parallelism between the history of a language and its speakers and the expectation that such insights will highlight the geographical origins of populations have attracted much attention from geneticists and linguists (Cavalli-Sforza 1997; Kitchen et al. 2009; Balanovsky et al. 2011; Bouckaert et al. 2012). Major deviations from this parallelism are explicable by admixture or migration followed by extreme isolation (Ramachandran et al. 2005). In such cases, the language’s lexicon may represent various strata of words from different languages the migrating people have encountered, deeming most phylogenetic-based approaches inapplicable. For that reason, it has been proposed to look at linguistic and genetic data in parallel and attempt integrative analyses (Brandt et al. 2014).
Please go to NCBI to read this important research material.
Source: The Jerusalem Post
‘If Assad wants to survive, he needs to keep Iran out of Syria’
Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked [Where do Shaked’s tribal roots go back to? In Iran?] addressed some of the major threats emanating from Israel’s neighboring countries, warning that Syria’s Assad has to counter the growing Iranian stronghold.
Employers who lose African migrant workers should replace them with Palestinians, Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked said on Monday.
Referring to government efforts to get more African migrants to leave the country, Shaked told an audience at IDC Herzliya’s International Institute on Counterterrorism Conference that Palestinians with “work permits do not perpetrate attacks.
Israel is trying to send Eritreans and Sudanese out of its borders and those who can replace them are the Palestinians.
Do not be afraid. If they take your Eritrean and Sudanese workers – switch them with Palestinians!” Shaked also addressed the threat posed by the Iranian- Syrian nexus. She said that Syria’s President Hafez Assad must “keep Iran out if he wants to survive.”
Please go to The Jerusalem Post to read the entire article.
Source: Fort Russ
“Assad must keep Iran out of Syria if he wants to stay in power” – Israeli Justice Minister
September 11th, 2017 • Fort Russ News • Al Mayadeen • translated by Samer Hussein
Israeli Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked has said Israel should pressure the world’s major powers not to allow Iran to establish a stronger presence in Syria.
While delivering her speech at the annual ICT’s World Summit on Counter-Terrorism in Herzliya, the Israeli Justice Minister said that the Syrian President Bashar Al Assad must keep Iran out of Syria in case he wanted to stay in power, according to Jerusalem Post.
“The Iranian-backed forces are trying to build a bridge stretching all the way from Iran to the Syrian-Israeli border”, Shaked warned while obviously referring to the Lebanese movement Hezbollah.
She then said Israel must ensure that Hezbollah does not receive any shipments of weapons, warning that its military arsenal is constantly growing.
Part 1 – America as an Israeli Colony
Dr. Lasha Darkmoon: “I don’t care if Americans think we’re running the news media, Hollywood, Wall Street or the government,” Jewish columnist Joel Stein wrote in the Los Angeles Times in December 2008. “I just care that we get to keep running them.”
Mr Stein’s reckless candor in admitting that the Jews ran America was to cost him his job at the LA Times.
If Americans have lost their country to organized Jewry, they lost it slowly and imperceptibly. Indeed, most Americans remain unaware that their country no longer belongs to them. They fervently believe they still live in a democracy. This was a takeover not without precedent, however. It had happened to Germany. It had happened to Russia. It has now happened to America.
Take Germany and Russia.
Germany, a mere shadow of what it might have been, is now a defeated and demoralized nation, thoroughly browbeaten by Jewry and terrified of their masters in Israel. Without stretching it too far, one could say that Germany has become Israel’s cash cow.
There is nothing particularly controversial about this observation. It had occurred to Eustace Mullins over twenty years ago:
To finance the State of Israel, which was created as a direct result of the Jewish victory over the Christian nations in World War II, Jews…now imposed enormous “reparations” demands on the conquered German people.
To date, they have extorted more than thirty-five billion dollars from German workers, money which has been collected at the points of bayonets, not Jewish bayonets but the bayonets of the American Army, which has been maintained as an occupying force in West Germany for nearly four decades, solely to provide military power behind the puppet German Government which has as its primary function the furnishing of money for the parasitic state of Israel. (See here)
In December 2009, the Israelis demanded another billion euros from Germany ($1.4 billion). The survivors of the Holocaust, surprisingly, seem to increase in number with time. This prompted Norman Finkelstein’s mother to ask somewhat cynically, after she had been cheated out of her reparations money by the rabbis who administered the Holocaust Fund: “If everyone who claims to be a survivor actually is one, who did Hitler kill?”
Mullins is not exaggerating when he says that the American troops foisted on Germany after World War II were in fact an “occupying force”: an army moreover acting on behalf, and at the behest, of organized Jewry.
It was the Morgenthau Plan, specifically designed by the vengeful Henry Morgenthau as a collective punishment against the German people for the crimes of Hitler, that was to turn post-war Germany into “the largest concentration camp on earth.”
As late as 1991, German chancellors were still being forced, like enslaved vassals under the Roman Empire, to sign an “act of submission” to their Allied conquerors.
“The Jew Morgenthau wants to turn Germany into a giant potato patch,” Goebbels complained bitterly. He was right. Anti-Semites sometimes are.
Russia too, like Germany, was to fall under Jewish domination.
According to Solzhenitsyn in The Gulag Archipelago, 66 million Russian Christians were put to death on the orders of the Cheka or Russian secret police. Those devising the tortures, and giving the orders to rape and kill ethnic Russians, were mostly Jews.
Yuri Slezkine’s candid quote from historian Leonard Shapiro is too well known to be casually dismissed: “Anyone who had the misfortune to fall into the hands of the Cheka stood a very good chance of finding himself confronted with and possibly shot by a Jewish investigator.”
Please go to reddit to read this troubling material.
Further related reading to the research material posted above:
The Forward (Jewish-American) offers its objection to the idea?