Kelly 266: Serco Patent Office Frauds, Titanic’s Ice On Course, Malaysian Airlines Con Air Hacks

General John F. Kelly
White House Chief of Staff
Washington, D.C. 20528

Open letter from the Cloud Centric Crime Scene Investigators of Abel Danger

May 5, 2018

Dear General Kelly:

Please accept Brief 266 from Field McConnell – United States Marine Corps whistle-blower and Global Operations Director of Abel Danger (AD) – wherein he and his research team at Abel Danger have decided to launch a series of crowd-funded class-action lawsuits on behalf of plaintiffs in injured communities where multiple victims have died as a result of the negligent, reckless, wilful or fraudulent use of patented devices transferred by the late Winston Churchill’s associates through British weapon R&D organisations in WWI and WWII to the custody of Serco (formerly RCA GB 1929) shareholders, including the British government, served by the New York City office of N M Rothschild & Sons as founded in the early 1870s.

AD believes that Serco, then RCA GB 1929, provided the Imperial Japanese Navy with RCA’s Resonant cavity magnetron US2348986A Priority 1940-10-24 and devices for Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) and precision navigation in the Pearl Harbor attack of December 7, 1941.

AD believes that a Serco operating out of Cape Race in Newfoundland Canada as a root company for the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America and the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) left the Titanic on course to hit an iceberg in the early hours of 15 April 1912 by jamming an ice warning from the California with Guglielmo Marconi’s Apparatus For Wireless Telegraphy 1901-06-11 US676332A which patent has allegedly been fraudulently re-assigned by Serco operators of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office to BAE Systems Electronics Ltd.

Forensic Economic Inquiry into the RMS Titanic

AD believes that associates of the late chemical-warfare expert Victor Rothschild at N M Rothschild & Sons Ltd. – investment banker for Serco, Queen Elizabeth II and U.S. President Donald Trump – and Serco shareholders including the British and Saudi Arabian governments tasked Nicholas and Rupert Soames, two of Winston Churchill’s grandsons, and Kristine “Con Air” Marcy, Field McConnell’s sister with testing Darren Rubin’s Biological active bullets, systems, and methods US9200877B1 as a patented, potentially ethnic- or genetic- or ideological-cleansing bullets at a BC pig farm between 1996 and 2002.

AD believes that Serco used Jerome H. Lemelson’s submarine patents for Prisoner tracking and warning system and corresponding methods US6054928A, ammunition derived Darren Rubin’s Biological active bullets and junkets associated with Howard Lutnick’s Real-time interactive wagering on event outcomes CA 2460367 A to establish Starnet Communications in Vancouver in 1996 and allow high rollers in elite hotels to trade images of pig farm child pornography and S&M oath rituals and bet on the time of victim deaths or body counts for the 9/11 events per below:

1. 265 people were murdered in skyjacked aircraft on 9/11 after Serco SWAT team commanders of the federal bridge certification authority (FBCA) network tracked criminals and foreign agents through Marcy’s U.S. Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (a.k.a. Con Air) and navigated four planes through the fatal decoy and drone maneuvers fraudulently attributed to the Bin Laden group;

2. Over 2,600 people were murdered in the NYC WTC Twin Towers on 9/11 after incendiary devices, allegedly installed in the WTC elevator shafts by the ACE [Con Air?] Elevator mechanics who ‘scattered like cockroaches’ as the towers collapsed, were apparently ignited by sparking Alcoa Architectural Products Sas’s Double sheet aluminum panel and method for manufacture thereof US20160096343A1 with FMC Corp’s SCR firing circuit for high voltage control applications US14873556.

3. Nearly 125 people were murdered in the Pentagon on 9/11 when Boeing Phantom Works executive Dr. Pamela Drew and Serco protégé Base One Technologies allegedly guided a Lockheed Martin Rocket-boosted guided hard target penetrator US6276277B1 into the U.S. Navy Command Center and ignited explosives after target penetration.

AD believes that Kristine Marcy fitted “Con Air” planes with devices allegedly fraudulently assigned by Serco to Nabtesco Corp and BAE Systems Controls Inc as Aircraft control apparatus and aircraft control system US8818574B2 and to the Boeing Company as Encryption for asymmetric data links US7023996B2 Priority date 2001-05-04 for use in concealing the hacks and diversions of a Boeing 777-200ER operated by Malaysia Airlines as MH Flight 370 on 8 March 2014 and a Boeing 777-2H6ER operated as MH Flight 17 on17 July 2014 and the triggers for a ‘dead passenger life insurance fraud’ by the German re-insurer and Serco shareholder Allianz with a presumed total body count of 537.

AD believes Serco agents hired Oliver “Buck” Revell, former FBI Executive Assistant Director – Investigations (SES-6) to work with the UK’s National Crime Squad (NCS) to set up witnesses to the 9/11 and MH body-count hacks where Facebook (Fakebook) patsies and pedophiles are blackmailed with derivatives of the US Air Force’s Autonomous face recognition machine US5012522A and manipulated with QinetiQ North America Inc’s Social Engineering Protection Appliance US9123027B2 to eliminate physical truth (actus reus) from crime scene investigations.

AD alleges that Buck Revell, then FBI Director deputy in charge of Criminal Investigative, Counter-Terrorism and Counter-Intelligence activities, pulled his son and daughter-in-law off the tarmac just before Pan Am Flight 103 took off from London’s Heathrow airport at 18:25 hours on 21 December 1988 and that Buck and Con Air Marcy agents used the Boeing Intervention flight management system US4811230A to detonate a Unabomb for a body count of 243 passengers + 16 crew + 11 people on the ground in Lockerbie, Scotland just after 19:02:50.

Abel Danger plans to work with crowd-funded film producers and lawyers representing injured communities so that while claims for damages for wrongful deaths are developed in the court of public opinion, scripts for physical acts causing deaths (actus reus) and associated with the negligent, reckless, wilful or fraudulent use of patented devices and spoliation of evidence can be published/simulated without attempting to prove mental intent to murder (mens rea).

With this the 266th Kelly public briefing, we believe we can help the Trump Administration to strip Serco, Con Air and the Senior Executive Service out of any contracts with the United States, especially the allegedly-fraudulent contracts with the U.S. patent office, FAA Contract Towers and the visa and ammunition centers and help you complete the job which you presumably started as Secretary of Homeland Security to defend America against all enemies domestic and foreign!

Titanic deleted scene: Shut up! I am working Cape Race.

Boeing Honeywell Uninterruptible Autopilot

Media Coverage of Starnet Raid – August 20, 1999

Trump saw on 9/11/2001: bombs were used in WTC

SERCO GROUP PLC: List of Subsidiaries AND Shareholders! [Note representatives of Serco‘s private-equity groups, Serco‘s investment banker N M Rothschild (Wilbur Ross?) and Serco shareholders, including the British and Saudi Arabian governments, AXA (Co-developer of and with a presumed virtual office in the Trump Tower), Allianz, 10 Global Custodians with $100 trillion under management and the TIAA pension fund met in a junket (wagering) room on the 47th Floor of North Tower (WTC1) on 9/11!]

Yours sincerely,

Field McConnell
USMC 0116513
P O Box 39
Plum City WI 54761″

+001-715-307-8222

“Digital Fires Instructor Serco – [Marine Corps Base!] Camp Pendleton, CA Uses information derived from all military disciplines (e.g., aviation, ground combat, command and control, combat service support, intelligence, and opposing forces) to determine changes in enemy capabilities, vulnerabilities, and probable courses of action.”

Serco Processes 2 Millionth Patent Application for U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
March 19, 2013 RESTON, VIRGINIA – March 18, 2013 – Serco Inc., a leading provider of professional, technology, and management services to the federal government, announced today that their Pre-Grant Publication (PGPubs) Classification Services team recently processed their 2 millionth patent application for the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO). Each application was also processed within the contractually required 28-day window.”

“From 1859 to 1866, the New York City Associated Press kept a newsboat at Cape Race to meet ocean liners passing by on their way from Europe so that news could be telegraphed to New York.[1][2] These news items carried the byline “via Cape Race”.

In 1904, the first wireless station in Newfoundland was built at Cape Race. On the night Titanic sank, wireless operator Jack Phillips was sending telegraphs to Cape Race for relay to New York City. When Cyril Evans, wireless operator of the SS Californian, sent an iceberg warning to Titanic, only a few miles away, Phillips was annoyed with the loud signal (due to the proximity) and responded “Keep out, Shut up, I’m working Cape Race.” This would become a famous incident, as the bored Evans soon went to sleep, and Titanic hit an iceberg only fifteen minutes later. After Titanic’s distress call, Cape Race played a major role in relaying news of the sinking to other ships and land locations.

Marconi’s station (MCE) was rebuilt on the same site and opened as a “wireless interpretation centre” to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Titanic in 2012.[3]”

“Inventor Guglielmo Marconi
Current Assignee BAE Systems Electronics Ltd
Original Assignee BAE Systems Electronics Ltd
Priority date 1901-02-23
1901-02-23 US676332A Expired – Lifetime
1901-06-11 US676332A Grant

Description:

No. 676,332. Patented lune ll, I90l.
‘ G. MARCONI.
APPARATUS FOR WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY.
– (Application med Feb. 23, 1901.1 (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.
INVENTOR, Guglielmo Marconi,
Hus ATTORNEYS.
m: rmmus PEYERS co, FNDTO-LITND., wasumnrun. n.c
No. 676,332. Patented June u, I901.
e. MARcum:
APPARATUS FOR WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY.

(Application filed Feb. 23, 1901. (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
WITNESSES: I INVENTOR WW I Guglielmo Marconi,
I V gw g m Mg 3 W ATTORNEYS.
‘ m: noun-s PETERS ca, Puo’rouma, WASMINGYON. I). c
.UNITED STATES” PATENT @FFICE.
GUGLIEIJMO MARCONI, OF LONDON, ENGLAND, ASSIGNOR TO MARCONIS WIRELESS TELEGRAPH COMPANY, LIMITED, OF SAME PLACE.

APPARATUS FOR WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY.

SPECIFICATIQN forming part of Letters Patent No. 676,332, dated June 11, 1901. Application filed I ebmary 23,1 01. Serial No. 48,447. (No model.)

T0 60% whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GUGLIELMO MARCONI, a citizen of the Kingdom of Italy, residing at 18 Finch Lane, Threadneedle street, in the city of London, England, (and havinga post-q office address at 18 Finch Lane aforesaid,) have invented certain new anduseful Imp’rovements in Apparatus for WVireless Telegraphy, (for which I have applied for a patent in Great Britain, dated March 21, 1900, No. 5,387,) of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in apparatus for communicating signals and telegraphing electrically without wires, employing at a transmitting-station, a producer of Hertz oscillations controlled by a signaling instrument, and, at a receiving-station, a coherer or other imperfect contact for controlling a sounder, relay, or other device and the objects of my invention are to increase the efficiency of the system and to provide a means whereby oscillations from a transmitting-station may be localized when desired at any selected receiving station or stations.

In my former patents, especially Nos. 586,193, 624,516, 650,109, and 650,110, I have described means for communicating between two stations situated at a great distance and between which obstacles may intervene.”

“Despite repeated suggestions as early as 2000 that BAE Systems wished to sell its 20% share of Airbus, the possibility was consistently denied by the company.[7][77] However, on 6 April 2006 BBC News reported that it was indeed to sell its stake, then “conservatively valued” at £2.4 billion.[78] Due to the slow pace of informal negotiations, BAE Systems exercised its put option which saw investment bank Rothschild appointed to give an independent valuation. Six days after this process began, Airbus announced delays to the A380 with significant effects on the value of Airbus shares. On 2 June 2006 Rothschild valued the company’s share at £1.87 billion, well below its own analysts’ and even EADS’ expectations.[79] The BAE Systems board recommended that the company proceed with the sale. On 4 October 2006 shareholders voted in favour and the sale was completed on 13 October.[80] BAE Systems’ sale of its Airbus share saw the end of UK owned involvement in civil airliner production. Airbus Operations Ltd (the former Airbus UK) continues to be the Airbus “Centre of Excellence” for wing production, employing over 9,500, but is entirely owned by the Airbus Group (formerly EADS).[81]”

“In February 1910, Churchill was promoted to Home Secretary, giving him control over the police and prison services,[183] and he implemented a prison reform programme.[184] He introduced a distinction between criminal and political prisoners, with prison rules for the latter being relaxed.[185] He tried to establish libraries for prisoners,[186] and introduced a measure ensuring that each prison must put on either a lecture or a concert for the entertainment of prisoners four times a year.[187] He reduced the length of solitary confinement for first offenders to one month and for recidivists to three months,[186]and spoke out against what he regarded as the excessively lengthy sentences meted out to perpetrators of certain crimes.[185] He proposed the abolition of automatic imprisonment of those who failed to pay fines,[188] and put a stop to the imprisonment of those aged between 16 and 21 except in cases where they had committed the most serious offences.[189] Of the 43 capital sentences passed while he was Home Secretary, he commuted 21 of them.[190]”

The Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America (commonly called American Marconi) was incorporated in 1899. It was established as a subsidiary of the British Marconi Company and held the U.S. and Cuban rights to Guglielmo Marconi‘s radio (then called “wireless telegraphy”) patents. American Marconi initially primarily operated high-powered land and translatlantic shipboard stations. In 1912, it acquired the extensive assets of the bankrupt United Wireless Telegraph Company, becoming the dominant radio communications provider in the United States.

During World War One the United States government assumed control of the radio industry. After the war government officials balked at returning the American Marconi stations to the original owners, distrusting British control of radio communication due to national security concerns. Lead by the U.S. Navy, the government pressured the Marconi companies to transfer American Marconi to a U.S. owner. The American Marconi assets were purchased by General Electric in 1919, which provided the foundation for creating its new subsidiary, the Radio Corporation of America.

..

American Marconi also branched out into some ancillary activities. In 1911, the Wanamaker department stores contracted to have radiotelegraph stations, providing two-way communication, installed atop their Philadelphia and New York City stores.[14] The next year a manufacturing plant was established in Aldene, New Jersey;[15]previously equipment had been imported from Great Britain. Beginning in 1912 the company published a monthly magazine named The Marconigraph, which a year later was expanded and renamed The Wireless Age, and in 1912 it also took over United Wireless’ The Aerogram magazine, relaunching it as Ocean Wireless News. One of the more ambitious projects involved tests installing radio communication equipment aboard Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad trains, conducted in 1913.[16] In late 1915 the company announced the formation of the National Amateur Wireless Association (NAWA), an organization oriented towards amateur radioenthusiasts. NAWA’s primary objective at its founding was promoting military preparedness.[17] American Marconi also established a publishing house, Wireless Press, Inc. in 1916, and created the Marconi Institute to provide training for commercial operators.”

“BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company. Its headquarters are in London in the United Kingdom and it has operations worldwide. It is among the world’s largest defence companies; it was ranked as the third-largest based on applicable 2015 revenues.[5] Its largest operations are in the United Kingdom and United States, where its BAE Systems Inc.subsidiary is one of the six largest suppliers to the US Department of Defense. Other major markets include Australia, India, and Saudi Arabia, which account for about 20% of BAE’s overall sales.[6] It is the biggest manufacturer in Britain.[6] The company was formed on 30 November 1999 by the £7.7 billion merger of two British companies: Marconi Electronic Systems (MES) – the defence electronics and naval shipbuilding subsidiary of the General Electric Company plc (GEC) – and British Aerospace (BAe) – an aircraft, munitions and naval systems manufacturer.

BAE Systems is the successor to various aircraft, shipbuilding, armoured vehicle, armaments and defence electronics companies, including the Marconi Company, the first commercial company devoted to the development and use of radio; A.V. Roe and Company, one of the world’s first aircraft companies; de Havilland, manufacturer of the Comet, the world’s first commercial jet airliner; British Aircraft Corporation, co-manufacturer of the Concordesupersonic transport; Supermarine, manufacturer of the SpitfireYarrow Shipbuilders, builder of the Royal Navy‘s first destroyersFairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, pioneer of the triple-expansion engine and builder of the world’s first battlecruiser; and Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, builder of the Royal Navy’s first submarines. Since its formation it has made a number of acquisitions, most notably of United Defense and Armor Holdings of the United States, and sold its shares in AirbusAstriumAMS and Atlas Elektronik.

BAE Systems is involved in several major defence projects, including the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, the Eurofighter Typhoon, the Astute-class submarine and the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers. BAE Systems is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Supermarine, the manufacturer of the Spitfire was a predecessor company of BAE Systems. It was purchased by Vickers-Armstrongs, which itself was merged into the British Aircraft Corporation in 1960.

BAE Systems was formed on 30 November 1999 by the £7.7 billion merger of British Aerospace (BAe) and Marconi Electronic Systems (MES).[7] As a result, BAE Systems is the successor to many of the most famous British aircraft, defence electronics and warship manufacturers. Predecessor companies built the Comet, the world’s first commercial jet airliner; the Harrier “jump jet”, the world’s first operational Vertical/Short Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft; the “groundbreaking”[8] Blue Vixen radar carried by Sea Harrier FA2s and which formed the basis of the Eurofighter’s CAPTOR radar; and co-produced the iconic Concordesupersonic airliner with Aérospatiale.[9]

British Aerospace was a civil and military aircraft manufacturer, as well as a provider of military land systems. The company had emerged from the massive consolidation of UK aircraft manufacturers since World War II. British Aerospace was formed on 29 April 1977 by the nationalisation and merger of The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC), the Hawker Siddeley Group and Scottish Aviation.[10] Both BAC and Hawker Siddeley were themselves the result of various mergers and acquisitions.[11]

Marconi Electronic Systems was the defence subsidiary of British engineering firm The General Electric Company (GEC), dealing largely in military systems integration, as well as naval and land systems. Marconi’s heritage dates back to Guglielmo Marconi‘s Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company, founded in 1897.[12] GEC purchased English Electric (which included Marconi) in 1968 and thereafter used the Marconi brand for its defence businesses (as GEC-Marconi and later Marconi Electronic Systems). GEC’s own defence heritage dates back to World War I, when its contribution to the war effort included radios and bulbs. World War II consolidated this position, as the company was involved in important technological advances, notably the cavity magnetron for radar.[13] Between 1945 and 1999, GEC-Marconi/Marconi Electronic Systems became one of the world’s most important defence contractors. GEC’s major defence related acquisitions included Associated Electrical Industries in 1967,[14]Yarrow Shipbuilders in 1985,[14] Plessey companies in 1989,[15] parts of Ferranti‘s defence business in 1990,[15]the rump of Ferranti when it went into receivership in 1993/1994, Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering in 1995[16]and Kværner Govan in 1999.[17] In June 1998, MES acquired Tracor, a major American defence contractor, for £830 million (approx. US$1.4 billion c. 1998).[18]

Applied Intelligence

This division delivers hardware and software tools to protect and enhance critical assets. The division includes BAE Systems Applied Intelligence.

Saudi Arabia

This division supports customers in Saudi Arabia, including the Al Yamamah project and subsequent Saudi Typhoon contract.

Intelligence & Security

This division provides mission-critical cyber security tools, information technology and intelligence and analytical and support tools

Maritime

This division designs and manufactures naval ships and submarines. The division includes BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships and BAE Systems Maritime – Submarines. Maritime has inherited the naval systems businesses of Insyte, for example BAE Systems Underwater Systems and naval radar.

Regional Aircraft

This division provides regional aircraft and support services to regional airlines

Australia

This division supports customers in Australia

Electronic Systems

This division supplies flight and engine controls for electronic warfare and night vision systems, surveillance and reconnaissance sensors, secure networked communications equipment, and power and energy management systems

Platforms & Services

This division designs, develops, produces, supports, maintains, modernises and upgrades armoured combat vehicles, wheeled vehicles, naval guns, surface ship combatants, commercial vessels, missile launchers, artillery systems, military ordnance, and protective wear and armour. This division includes BAE Systems Land & Armaments. It also includes projects such as Taranis. The company’s 33% share of Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH (33%) represents its involvement in the Eurofighter Typhoon project.[140]

Military Air & Information

This division provides information superiority and air power to customers. The division includes BAE Systems Military Air & Information

Shared Services

This division provides shared capabilities and support services, principally to internal customers. It also includes a 49% interest in Air Astana.[141]

Corporate governance[edit]

BAE Systems’ chairman is Sir Roger Carr. The executive directors are Charles Woodburn (CEO), Peter Lynas, and Jerry DeMuro. The non-executive directors are Harriet Green, Chris Grigg, Nick Rose, Paula Rosput Reynolds, Ian Tyler, and Elizabeth Corley.[142]

The company’s first CEO, John Weston, was forced to resign in 2002 in a boardroom “coup” and was replaced by Mike Turner.[143] The Business reported that Weston was ousted when non-executive directors informed the chairman that they had lost confidence in him. Further, it was suggested that at least one non-executive director was encouraged to make such a move by the MOD due to the increasingly fractious relationship between BAE Systems and the government.[144] As well as the terms of the Nimrod contract, Weston had fought against the MOD’s insistence that one of the first three Type 45 destroyers should be built by VT Group. The Business said he considered this “competition-policy gone mad”.[145]

It is understood that Turner had a poor working relationship with senior MOD officials, (for example with former Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon) Significantly the first meeting between Olver and Hoon was said to have gone well, a MOD official commented “He is a man we can do business with. We think it is good to be taking a fresh look at things.”[146] It has been suggested that relations between Turner and Olver were tense.[147] On 16 October 2007 the company announced that Mike Turner would retire in August 2008. The Times called his departure plans “abrupt” and a “shock”, given previous statements that he wished to retire in 2013 at the age of 65.[148] Despite suggestions that BAE Systems would prefer an American CEO due to the increasing importance of the United States defence market to the company and the opportunity to make a clean break from corruption allegations and investigations related to the Al Yamamah contracts the company announced on 27 June 2008 that it had selected the company’s chief operating officer, Ian King, to succeed Turner with effect from 1 September 2008; The Financial Times noted that King’s career at Marconi distances him from the British Aerospace-led Al Yamamah project.[149]

In 2015 the company invested more than £11m in charities and not-for-profit organisations through company and employee donations to support its key areas of customer, education and heritage.[150]

On 22 February 2017 BAE Systems announced that on that day Ian King had informed the Board that he would retire on 30 June 2017. It was confirmed that Charles Woodburn, currently Chief Operating Officer, will be appointed as Chief Executive from 1 July 2017. Woodburn joined BAE Systems in May 2016 as Chief Operating Officer and Executive Board Director, following over 20 years’ international experience in senior management positions in the oil and gas industry.)[151] Woodburn is aiming to make BAE more efficient and technologically innovative.[6]

Corruption investigations[edit]

Serious Fraud Office[edit]

BAE Systems has been under investigation by the Serious Fraud Office, into the use of political corruption to help sell arms to Chile, Czech Republic, Romania, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Tanzania and Qatar.[155][156][157] In response, BAE Systems’ 2006 Corporate Responsibility Report states “We continue to reject these allegations… We take our obligations under the law extremely seriously and will continue to comply with all legal requirements around the world.[158] In June 2007 Lord Woolf was selected to lead what the BBC described as an “independent review…. [an] ethics committee to look into how the defence giant conducts its arms deals.”[159] The report, Ethical business conduct in BAE Systems plc – the way forward, made 23 recommendations, measures which the company has committed to implement. The finding stated that “in the past BAE did not pay sufficient attention to ethical standards in the way it conducted business,” and was described by the BBC as “an embarrassing admission.”[160]

In September 2009, the Serious Fraud Office announced that it intended to prosecute BAE Systems for offences relating to overseas corruption. The Guardian claimed that a penalty “possibly of more than £500m” might be an acceptable settlement package.[161] On 5 February 2010, BAE Systems agreed to pay criminal fines of £257m (US$400) to the US[162] and £30m to the UK. The UK had already massively benefited from £43 billion contract in tax receipts and jobs in the UK, and dropped an anti-corruption investigation into the Al Yamamah contracts later taken up by US authorities.[163][164] Crucially, under a plea bargain with the US Department of Justice, BAE Systems was convicted of felony conspiracy to defraud the United States government and sentenced in March 2010 by US District Court Judge John D. Bates to pay a $400 million fine, one of the largest fines in the history of the DOJ. Judge Bates said the company’s conduct involved “deception, duplicity and knowing violations of law, I think it’s fair to say, on an enormous scale”.[165][166] BAE Systems did not directly admit to bribery, and is thus not internationally blacklisted from future contracts. Some of the £30m penalty the company will pay in fines to the UK will be paid ex gratia for the benefit of the people of Tanzania.[167] On 2 March 2010 Campaign Against Arms Trade and The Corner House were successful in gaining a High Court injunction on the Serious Fraud Office’s settlement with BAE Systems. The High Court may order a full review of the settlement.[168]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Both BAE Systems and its previous incarnation British Aerospace have long been the subject of allegations of bribery in relation to its business in Saudi Arabia. The UK National Audit Office (NAO) investigated the Al Yamamah contracts and has so far not published its conclusions, the only NAO report ever to be withheld.[169] The MOD has stated “The report remains sensitive. Disclosure would harm both international relations and the UK’s commercial interests.”[170] The company has been accused of maintaining a £60 million Saudi slush fund and was the subject of an investigation by the Serious Fraud Office (SFO). However, on 14 December 2006 it was announced that the SFO was “discontinuing” its investigation into the company. It stated that representations to its Director and the Attorney General Lord Goldsmith had led to the conclusion that the wider public interest “to safeguard national and international security” outweighed any potential benefits of further investigation.[171] The termination of the investigation has been controversial.[172] In June 2007, the BBC’s Panorama alleged BAE Systems “paid hundreds of millions of pounds to the ex-Saudi ambassador to the US, Prince Bandar bin Sultan” in return for his role in the Al Yamamah deals.[173] In late June 2007 the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) began a formal investigation into BAE’s compliance with anti-corruption laws.[174] On 19 May 2008 BAE Systems confirmed that its CEO Mike Turner and non-executive director Nigel Rudd had been detained “for about 20 minutes” at two US airports the previous week and that the DOJ had issued “a number of additional subpoenas in the US to employees of BAE Systems plc and BAE Systems Inc as part of its ongoing investigation”.[175] The Times suggested that such “humiliating behaviour by the DOJ” is unusual toward a company that is co-operating fully.[175]

A judicial review of the decision by the SFO to drop the investigation was granted on 9 November 2007.[176] On 10 April 2008 the High Court ruled that the SFO “acted unlawfully” by dropping its investigation.[177] The Timesdescribed the ruling as “one of the most strongly worded judicial attacks on government action” which condemned how “ministers ‘buckled’ to ‘blatant threats’ that Saudi cooperation in the fight against terror would end unless the …investigation was dropped.”[178] On 24 April the SFO was granted leave to appeal to the House of Lords against the ruling.[179] There was a two-day hearing before the Lords on 7 and 8 July 2008.[180] On 30 July the House of Lords unanimously overturned the High Court ruling, stating that the decision to discontinue the investigation was lawful.[181]

Others[edit]

HMS Coventry was one of two frigates sold to Romania.

In September 2005 The Guardian reported that banking records showed that BAE Systems paid £1 million to Augusto Pinochet, the former Chilean dictator.[182] The Guardian has also reported that “clandestine arms deals” have been under investigation in Chile and the UK since 2003 and that British Aerospace and BAE Systems made a number of payments to Pinochet advisers.[183] In 2003, HMS Sheffield was sold to the Chilean Navy for £27 million, however the government’s profit from the sale was £3 million, after contracts worth £24 million were placed with BAE Systems for upgrade and refurbishment of the ship.[184]

BAE Systems is alleged to have paid “secret offshore commissions” of over £7 million to secure the sale of HMS London and HMS Coventry to the Romanian Navy. The company received a £116 million contract for the refurbishment of the ships prior to delivery;[185] however the British taxpayer only received the scrap value of £100,000 each from the sale.[186]

BAE Systems ran into controversy in 2002 over the abnormally high cost of a radar system sold to Tanzania.[187][188] The sale was criticised by several opposition MPs and the World Bank;[189]Secretary of State for International Development Clare Short declared that BAE Systems had “ripped off” developing nations.[190][191] In December 2010, leaked US diplomatic communications revealed that Edward Hoseah, the Tanzanian prosecutor investigating misconduct by BAE Systems, had confided in US diplomats that “his life may be in danger” and was being routinely threatened.[188]

In January 2007, details of an investigation by the Serious Fraud Office into BAE Systems’ sales tactics in regard to South Africa were reported, highlighting the £2.3 billion deal to supply Hawk trainers and Gripen fighters as suspect.[192] In May 2011, as allegations of bribery behind South Africa’s Gripen procurement continued, the company’s partner Saab AB issued strong denials of any illicit payments being made; however in June 2011 Saab announced that BAE Systems had made unaccounted payments of roughly $3.5 million to a consultant, this revelation prompted South African Opposition parties to call for a renewed inquiry.[193][194] The Gripen’s procurement by the Czech Republic was also under investigation by the Serious Fraud Office in 2006 over allegations of bribery.[184]

Criticism[edit]

Espionage[edit]

In September 2003 The Sunday Times reported that BAE Systems had hired a private security contractor to collate information about individuals working at the Campaign Against Arms Trade and their activities.[195][196] In February 2007, it was reported that the corporation had again obtained private confidential information from CAAT.[197]

The company was reported in 2012 to have been the target of Chinese cyber espionage that may have stolen secrets related to the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II.[198]

Nuclear weapons[edit]

In 2006, BAE Systems was excluded from the portfolio of the government pension fund of Norway “because they develop and/or produce central components for nuclear weapons”.[199] “According to the ethical guidelines for the [Norwegian] Government Pension Fund – Global, companies that produce weapons that through normal use may violate fundamental humanitarian principles shall be excluded from the fund.”[199] BAE Systems is indirectly engaged in production of nuclear weapons – through its 37.5% share of MBDA it is involved with the production and support of the ASMP missile, an air-launched nuclear missile which forms part of the French nuclear deterrent. The company is also the UK’s only nuclear submarine manufacturer and thus produces a key element of the United Kingdom’s nuclear weapons capability. However, Norway has bound their strategic defence to the UK’s “since Napoleonic times”, including both protection under the British nuclear deterrent as well as the joint NATO nuclear sharing policy.[200]

Cluster bombs[edit]

BAE Systems was in 2003 initially criticised for its role in the production of cluster bombs, due to the long term risk for injury or death to civilians. However, following the 2008 Oslo Convention on Cluster Munitions BAE Systems was among the first defence contractors to stop their manufacture[201][202] and by 2012 the majority of the munitions had been destroyed.[203]

Saudi war crimes in Yemen[edit]

Saudi Arabia is BAE’s third biggest market.[204] The Independent reported that “in 2014, British defence firm BAE won a contract worth £4.4bn to supply the Saudis with 72 fighter jets – some of which were used to bomb Red Cross and MSF hospitals in Yemen.”[205] The chairman of BAE Systems, Sir Roger Carr, rejected criticism over BAE’s continued work in Saudi Arabia, saying “We will stop doing it when they tell us to stop doing it. … We maintain peace by having the ability to make war and that has stood the test of time.”[206]

Political influence[edit]

Former Foreign Secretary Robin Cook said of his time in office that he “came to learn that the chairman of BAE appeared to have the key to the garden door to number 10. Certainly I never knew No 10 to come up with any decision which would be incommoding to BAE.”[207] As well as employing in-house lobbyists, BAE Systems also employs a lobbying agency called Portland PR;[208] many of Portland PR’s staff have worked at the upper echelons of both Labour and Conservative governments.[209]”

“Rothschild Inc, New York

As early as 1821 the Rothschilds had formed an association with the American banking firm of R & J Phillips of Philadelphia. Phillips advised them on investment opportunities in the developing states and introduced them to their circle of business acquaintances, so that by 1833 Rothschilds were represented in Baltimore by the firm of J I Cohen Jnr. and in New York by J L & S Josephs. Through these agencies the Rothschilds built up a portfolio of substantial and wide-ranging investments in municipal and state stock, canal and mining shares and in finance houses. As in Europe, bullion and bills of exchange were the bedrock of the business.

In 1834, on the election of President Andrew Jackson, the London house of Rothschild was awarded the commission to represent United States’ banking interests in Europe, hitherto in the hands of Baring Bros. Part of their responsibility was to administer the payments made by the government to its consular staff in Europe.

The disastrous New York banking crisis of 1837 forced Rothschilds’ agencies to cease trading. The crisis was observed by another Rothschild agent, en route to Havana, who recognised the long-term potential of the American market and decided that New York would suit him much more than Cuba. His name was August Belmont (1813-1890), and for almost a century he was the face of the Rothschilds in America, spearheading a new phase of Rothschild enterprise in America. He co-ordinated purchases in a wide range of commodities, including cotton and tobacco, and acted as a focal point for the other Rothschild agencies dealing in these sectors, such as the firms of Lanfear, Hanau and Mannion in New Orleans. The discovery of gold in California in 1848 triggered a further commitment to America.

As far back as 1830 the Rothschild firms had been involved in the business of raising finance for the US Federal Government and its institutions. In that year, N M Rothschild & Sons in London and de Rothschild Frères in Paris contracted for a £900,000 loan to the US Bank. It was, however, in the 1870’s that Rothschild involvement in this area was at its fullest. In 1872 N M Rothschild & Sons raised a $15 million bond issue for the City of New York to finance municipal improvements and in the following year, together with Baring Bros., raised a large £300 million 5% funded loan for the US Government. A loan of equal size was raised in 1876, this time in conjunction with J S Morgan and Seligman Brothers, and the same partnership combined in 1877 to issue a loan of a further $700 million. The last major issue raised on behalf of the Federal Government was for $62 million, in 1895, with J S Morgan.

In America as in Europe, the Rothschilds were heavily engaged in the financing of the railroads, raising funding for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad ($4 million in 1887) and for the Pennsylvania Railroad ($4 million in 1908). The Rothschilds’ portfolio of investments in America is dominated by stock holdings in numerous railroad companies, such as the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad, the Atchinson, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad and the Southern Pacific Railroad. Additionally they were closely involved with the development of the New York subway network, through the agency Belmont & Co. August Belmont’s son, August Belmont Jnr (1853-1924).

The twentieth century

In common with most merchant banks, the Rothschild firms experienced a slower rate of development in the period between the world wars. In the turmoil of 1939-1945 America became a place of refuge for many members of the family, who fled persecution in Austria and France, and a place of regeneration. In 1942 a new Rothschild company was established in New York, a joint venture between the Rothschilds in Paris and London, under the name of Amsterdam Overseas Corporation. Its business grew steadily and in the wake of its success it was reformed, first in 1967 as the investment bank New Court Securities with share capital once again taken up by both N M Rothschild & Sons Limited in London and de Rothschild Frères in Paris. In January 1982, the American operation was again reformed, under a new name, Rothschild Inc. In November 1990, a new company, N M Rothschild & Sons (Denver) Ltd. was established in Denver, Colorado with a view to taking the Rothschild Group’s acknowledged experience and expertise in the field of natural resource financing into the heartland of US base and metal mining.”

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