#2236: Marine Links Serco 4-Minute Black-Hand Warning To Obamalaw 9-1-1 At Crime Scene Captain Chic

Plum City – (AbelDanger.net): United States Marine Field McConnell has linked Serco’s Black Hand* 4-minute warning system to Obamalaw 9-1-1** agents at the Pentagon crime scenes where the late Captain Chic Burlingame – duty officer of the U.S. Navy Command Center – was murdered on 9/11 as he sought authorization to engage the incoming because the Pentagon’s automatic fire control system had been fooled by a “friendly” transponder beacon.

Black Hand* – Captains and journeymen of livery companies with “Licenses to Kill, Extort and Bribe” namely City of London Honourable Artillery Company 1527, Master Mariners and Air Pilots 1929 and Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts 1638 whose alumni include U.S. Presidents James Monroe, James Garfield, Calvin Coolidge and John F. Kennedy.

Obamalaw 9-1-1** – Crime-scene spoliation protocols which ensured that extorted, bribed or murdered witnesses were unwilling or unable to block Obama’s journey to the White House.

McConnell claims that Serco sent Obama – a.k.a. Barry Soetoro who was then a Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies – as a journeyman to the Honourable Artillery Company in Quetta in Pakistan in 1981 and to BIC in New York in 1984 so he could learn how to liquidate leveraged leases on pre-insured aircraft or buildings through Obamalaw 9-1-1 and reward clean-up crews, crisis actors, morticians, reporters, witnesses and investigators for their lies or their silence.

McConnell claims that Sidley Austin hired Obama’s Black Hand mentor and terror boss Bernardine Dohrn in 1984 to develop and test the Obamalaw 9-1-1 principles on Sidley targets which included the sabotaged Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Kenya church massacre 

McConnell notes that Obama and his cousin Raila Odinga trialed the Obamalaw 9-1-1 spoliation protocols during the 2007 Kenya election and he alleges that after their tribal (Luo) associates had massacred women and children in the Eldoret church on New Year’s Day 2008, Odinga extorted President Kibaki into giving him the the Prime Ministerial gig while witnesses to the massacre maintained a terrified silence.

McConnell claims Sidley clients used Airbus’s Cassidian Communications for the Pentagon attack where “[Obamalaw] 9-1-1 call processing platforms support more than 60% of all Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) in the United States, serving over 200 million people, plus hundreds of private sector businesses spanning diverse industries, including transportation, finance and healthcare industries, and Federal Civil and DoD operations globally.”

McConnell invites rebuttal of his allegation that Serco’s Black Hand 4-minute warning allowed Obamalaw 9-1-1 agents to murder of Captain Chic Burlingame, the duty officer of the Pentagon’s U.S. Navy Command Center on 9/11, and coordinate the spoliation of evidence and silencing of witnesses which helped put Obama in the White House.

Prequel 1: #2235: Marine Links Sidley Obamalaw 9-1-1 To Serco Black-Hand Journeymen For PanAm 103

9/11 Pentagon Eyewitness Videographer – 
Bob Pugh Describes Shooting Footage 

Cab Driver Involved In 9/11 Pentagon Attack Admits 
“It Was Planned” VERY INTERESTING!!  
911 Case Study: Pentagon Flight 77 
Chaos UK – Four Minute Warning 

Cassidian Full Circle Security

Security – EADS 

Serco… Would you like to know more?

“9/11 — An Inside Job,”
Paul Andrew Mitchell, B.A., M.S.,
Private Attorney General, 18 U.S.C. 1964
There is a HUGE amount
of evidence of an inside job on 9/11.

For example, our Executive Summary to the U.S. Coast Guard achieved
positive identification of the Pentagon murder weapons:

An A-3 Skywarrior hit just after an AGM missile was fired from under its
port wing, to soften an entrance hole for the fuselage.  A key debris
photo shows 2 planar fuselage sections, one of which has a telltale
re-fueling line along its horizontal length:


Very few jet aircraft have rectangular fuselages; and, of those only one has an external
re-fueling line. All photos of A-3s that we have seen do show this external re-fueling
line on 
every A-3 we have examined.

That A-3 was reportedly modified at a private airfield in Loveland, Colorado,
using different crews to do  different retrofits, e.g. avionics,
weapons, remote-control,
transponder beacon, etc.

It had been purchased as part of a fleet of A-3s now owned by Raytheon, a major
DOD contractor.

One USAF pilot I know told me that
Captain Gerald F. DeConto was on the telephone to Gordon England,
Secretary of the Navy, requesting authorization to engage the incoming, because
the Pentagon’s automatic fire control system had been fooled  by a
“friendly” transponder beacon.


As the highest ranking officer in the Naval Command Center, DeConto and
his staff must have been tracking that incoming on their in-house radar
systems, and realized that the  incoming jet had a friendly transponder,
because the fire control system had NOT activated itself.

While England kept Captain DeConto on the telephone, evidently
stalling him, DeConto and his staff were killed by the missile
warhead and subsequent impact of the A-3.

The Boeing 757 seen by many eyewitnesses was timed to fly over the Pentagon at
precisely the moment of the A-3’s impact. It landed at National, into the
waiting arms of 
94  ground crew who had infiltrated Dulles and National airports.

They were later deported for falsifying Social Security  applications and
violating immigration laws:
(search for “94 workers”)”


With the successful
deployment of 
radar systems for the defence of the British Isles, the British were immediately confronted with difficulty in
distinguishing friendly aircraft from hostile ones; by that time, aircraft were
flown at high speed and altitude, making visual identification impossible, and
the targets showed up as featureless blips on the radar screen.

Already before the
deployment of the radar system, the 
RAF had implemented
a tracking system for directing their own forces; aircraft were tracked by
triangulating their position from fixed positions, using intermittent “
pip-squeak” signals from each aircraft.[2] This system was used during the Battle of Britain to track ‘friendly’ formations. It
used the standard HF radio fit of RAF fighters, plus a control box that
essentially contained a timer, so that a pre-arranged signal was ‘squawked’ at
given intervals – to be picked up by the 
HF/DF tracking

With the introduction
of radar, researchers endeavoured to integrate a working IFF system with the
radar system. Initial patents for both passive and active radar IFF were filed
in the UK by
 in 1935 and 1936
respectively. By 1938, researchers at Bawdsey
had come up with ‘reflectors’ mounted on the aircraft designed to
reflect the 
Chain Home wave frequencies – giving friendly
forces a distinctive profile on the radar screens. The design, however, proved
impractical, as other difficult-to-control factors, including the angle of the
incident radar beam with the plane’s flight-path, influenced the magnitude of
the reflected signal making a consistent friend or foe designation hard to

The first active
transponder (transmitter responder) was the ‘IFF
Mark I’ and was put into operation in 1939. On receipt of an interrogation from
Chain Home radar system (20-30 MHz),
consisting of a radar distinctive ‘peaked’ pulse tuned to a specific frequency,
the unit would respond with a signal of steadily increasing amplitude, allowing
the radar operators to identify it as friendly.

Flaws in the Mark I
version, including the need to constantly adjust it during flight, were
rectified somewhat with the Mark II sets; these could also be interrogated by
alternate frequency band transmissions, including those from mobile sets in use
with the 
navy and army.[4]

In 1940, English
Calland Williams
 began work
on the Mark III system at the 
Telecommunications Research Establishment, which was to become the standard for the Western Allies for most of the war. Mark III transponders were designed to
respond to specific ‘interrogators’, rather than replying directly to received
radar signals. The system also allowed limited communication to be made,
including the ability to transmit a coded ‘
Mayday‘ response. The IFF
sets were designed and built by 
Ferranti in Manchesterto Williams’ specifications. Equivalent sets
were manufactured in the US, initially as copies of British sets, so
that allied aircraft would be identified upon interrogation by each other’s

“SERCO has come a long way since the 1960s when it ran the ‘four-minute warning’ system to alert the nation to a
ballistic missile attack
[technology Obama
needed to track and destroy PanAm 103 at a controlled crime scene]

Today its £10.3bn
order book is bigger than many countries’ defence budgets. It is bidding for a
further £8bn worth of contracts and sees £16bn of ‘opportunities’.

Profit growth is less
ballistic. The first-half pre-tax surplus rose 4% to £28.1m, net profits just
1% to £18m. Stripping out goodwill, the rise was 17%, with dividends up 12.5%
to 0.81p.

Serco runs the
Docklands Light Railway, five UK prisons, airport radar and
forest bulldozers in Florida.”

“The four-minute warning was a public alert system conceived
by the 
British Government during
Cold War and operated between 1953 and 1992. The name derived from the approximate
length of time from the point at which a 
Soviet nuclear missile attack against the United Kingdom could be confirmed and the impact of those missiles on their
targets. The population was to be notified by means of 
air raid
television and radio, and urged to seek cover immediately. In
practice, the warning would have been more likely three minutes or less.

The warning system[edit]

Basic details[edit]

The warning would be
initiated by the detection of inbound 
missiles and
aircraft targeted at the 
United Kingdom. Early in the Cold War,Jodrell
 was used to detect and track incoming missiles alongside its
astronomical research remit.
[1] From 1958 to 1963, the radio telescope was used to give early
warning of a Soviet attack. 
Plainclothes Royal Air Force officers [Black Hand Captains] even worked alongside scientists, engineers
and undergraduates with only the director, 
, and the Air
 knowing who they were.[2] Lovell was angry at this arrangement,

It was known only to a
very few people that I had been approached by the Chief of the Air Staff, who
told me we had the only instrument in the world that could detect a Soviet
missile. I simply wanted to do research, but events wouldn’t allow me to.
Throughout the Cold War, there was a conflict between
RAF and the Home Office over
who was in charge of the warning system.
This was not for any practical or
technical reason, but more a case of who would receive blame if a false alarm
was given or an attack occurred without warning (which could have been as
little as thirty seconds from launch to impact on a target). By the 1980s, the
warning would be given on the orders of a Warning Officer from the 
Home Office stationed
RAF High Wycombe.[3]

From the early 1960s,
initial detection of attack would be provided primarily by the 
RAF BMEWS station at Fylingdales in North Yorkshire. There, powerful radars would track the inbound missiles and
allow confirmation of targets. In later years the first indication of any
imminent attack would likely come from 
infrared detectors aboard the United States Defense
Support Program
satellites. However, BMEWS would still play an important role in tracking and
confirming the destination of any launches.
The British government
was not the main beneficiary of BMEWS, given that it would only receive
what Solly Zuckerman described in 1960 as “no
more than 5 minutes warning time” of an attack. The United States was the United Kingdom’s most important military and
technological partner, however, and its 
Strategic Air Command would
have thirty minutes warning from the Fylingdales station.

UKWMO and the ROC[edit]
It was the
responsibility of the United Kingdom Warning and Monitoring Organisation
(UKWMO) at the United Kingdom Regional Air Operations Centre (UK RAOC) located
at the 
Strike Command Operations Centre at High Wycombe
to alert the nation to an imminent air attack. Once an alert was initiated the
national and local 
television and radio networks would
break into transmissions and broadcast a warning (the warning message would
originate from an emergency studio in 
BBC Broadcasting
 in London).
Simultaneously the national 
air raid siren system would be brought into service. A system, which used the
same frequency on normal telephone lines as the peacetime 
speaking clock, was employed for this whereby a key switch activation alerted 250
national Carrier Control Points or CCPs present in 
police stations across the country. In turn the CCPs would, via a signal carried
along ordinary phone lines, cause 7,000 powered sirens to start-up. In rural
areas, around 11,000 hand powered sirens would be operated by 
postmasters, rural police officers, or Royal Observer Corps personnel (even parish
priests, publicans, magistrates, subpostmasters or private citizens could be
involved in some remote rural areas).
Linked into the system
were the twenty five Royal Observer Corps (ROC) group controls, also with
direct links to the carrier control points. In the event of subsequent
radioactive fallout, local fallout warnings could be generated from the group
controls on a very localised basis over the same carrier wave system.

The national warning
system saw many changes over the years. During the 1960s and 1970s, much of the
local authority 
civil defenceplanning in the United Kingdom became
outdated, although the WB400/WB600 warning system was maintained and kept
serviceable along with updating of ROC instrumentation and communications. The
system’s main problem was that many of the telephone lines it needed had to be
manually switched in times of pre-war tension by Post Office telephone
engineers. Additionally, the links were not hardened against the effects
EMP. In the late 1970s and early 1980s
heightened fears and tensions led to a resumption of contingency planning and
the upgrading of many systems. The outdated WB400/WB600 systems were replaced
with brand new WB1400 equipment, communications links were made permanent and
hardened against EMP disruption.


The national siren
system left over from 
World War II had always retained a secondary role of “general warning”,
particularly for imminent flooding. In some towns, they were also used to
summon part-time firemen. However, a telephone based system was found to be
generally more appropriate in this scenario and cheaper in most parts of the
country. Additionally the Government retains an ability to break into local and
national television and radio for purposes of alerting the general public.
Indeed, the government has the legal power to take over editorial control of
BBC during a national emergency under the BBC Charter and the Broadcasting
Act 1980
By the end of
Cold War in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the national siren system was
largely dismantled. The British Government cited the increasing use of 
double glazed windows, which make sirens harder to hear, and the
reduced likelihood of air attack as reasons to eliminate the siren system in
most parts of the country. Some coastal areas still retain and regularly test
the sirens as part of the flood warning defences. Also, 
 retains its siren
to warn of escaped inmates, which is tested every Monday morning at 10am.
Carstairs Hospital also retain their sirens and are tested on a monthly basis.

Sample script[edit]

The following is a
script that would have been broadcast in the event of an attack, available from
the BBC. It was recorded by 
Peter Donaldson, chief continuity announcer for BBC Radio 4:
This is the Wartime
Broadcasting Service
. This
country has been attacked with nuclear weapons. Communications have been
severely disrupted, and the number of casualties and the extent of the damage
are not yet known. We shall bring you further information as soon as possible.
Meanwhile, stay tuned to this wavelength, stay calm and stay in your own house.
Remember there is nothing to be gained by trying to get away. By leaving your
homes you could be exposing yourself to greater danger.
If you leave, you may find yourself without food, without water, without
accommodation and without protection. Radioactive fall-out, which follows a
nuclear explosion, is many times more dangerous if you are directly exposed to
it in the open. Roofs and walls offer substantial protection. The safest place
is indoors. Make sure gas and other fuel supplies are turned off and that all
fires are extinguished. If mains water is available, this can be used for
fire-fighting. You should also refill all your containers for drinking water after
the fires have been put out, because the mains water supply may not be
available for very long.
Water must not be used for flushing lavatories: until you are told that
lavatories may be used again, other toilet arrangements must be made. Use your
water only for essential drinking and cooking purposes. Water means life. Don’t
waste it.
Make your food stocks last: ration your supply, because it may have to last for
14 days or more. If you have fresh food in the house, use this first to avoid
wasting it: food in tins will keep.
If you live in an area where a fall-out warning has been given, stay in your
fall-out room until you are told it is safe to come out. When the immediate
danger has passed the sirens will sound a steady note. The “all
clear” message will also be given on this wavelength. If you leave the
fall-out room to go to the lavatory or replenish food or water supplies, do not
remain outside the room for a minute longer than is necessary.
Do not, in any circumstances, go outside the house. Radioactive fall-out can
kill. You cannot see it or feel it, but it is there. If you go outside, you
will bring danger to your family and you may die. Stay in your fall-out room
until you are told it is safe to come out or you hear the “all clear”
on the sirens.
Here are the main points again: Stay in your own homes, and if you live in an
area where a fall-out warning has been given stay in your fall-out room, until
you are told it is safe to come out. The message that the immediate danger has
passed will be given by the sirens and repeated on this wavelength. Make sure
that the gas and all fuel supplies are turned off and that all fires are
extinguished. Water must be rationed, and used only for essential drinking and
cooking purposes. It must not be used for flushing lavatories. Ration your food
supply–it may have to last for 14 days or more.
We shall be on the air every hour, on the hour. Stay tuned to this wavelength,
but switch your radios off now to save your batteries. That is the end of this

Cultural impact[edit]

The Cold war and the fear of nuclear attack permeated pop culture up until the
1990s. Examples include the song ‘Four Minute Warning’ by the British punk
Chaos UK (EP ‘Burning Britain’, 1982), the poem ‘Your Attention Please’
Peter Porter, as well as the name of a solo song by Take That singer, Mark Owen, “Four Minutes” by Roger Waters (of Pink Floyd fame) on his 1987 solo album Radio K.A.O.S.John
Paul Jones
 has a song
entitled “4-Minute Warning” on the 1988 
Brian Eno album Music for
Films III
. The first single of
the UK rap crew 
Gunshot, from 1990, was entitled “Battle Creek
Brawl (4 Minute Warning)”. The 2008 
Madonna track “4
” and the name of a
Radiohead song, on the second disc of their album In Rainbows.

The four minute
warning was a central plot and narrative device in dramas (both on stage and
screen) and novels, often being the motor force of plays, films, novels and
cartoon strips. The BBC drama 
Threads, about how
society decays after a nuclear holocaust, which focuses on an attack on 
SheffieldThe War Game also portrays the four minute warning,
pointing out the warning period could be even less. The narrator, 
Michael Aspel, says it could even be two minutes between issuing the warning and
impact on a target. The 
 of Raymond Briggs‘s satirical and blackly comic cartoon stripWhen
the Wind Blows
, has the warning
message as part of the script, which triggers arguing between Jim and Hilda
Bloggs. Although this is not 
Peter Donaldson‘s pre-recorded warning (which was not available on grounds of national
security and for copyright reasons), this was a fictional announcement written
on grounds of 
artistic licence. It was read by Robin
, a voiceover artist who
was known in London as a newsreader for 
Thames Television (who played the role of newsreader in
the film).
The adult humour
comic Viz ran a photo strip in its issue 107 called
“Four Minutes to Fall in Love”, where a boyfriend and girlfriend cram
a whole relationship into the four minutes before a nuclear attack. The Four
Minute Warning had become the inspiration for many jokes and sketches in comedy
programmes in Britain, in the same way that the 
Broadcast System
 had in the
United States (see 
weapons in popular culture
). In
one episode of 
Only Fools
and Horses
, “The
Russians Are Coming
,” Delboy and Rodney Trotter sellfallout shelter kits and have an attack drill. Driving
towards their shelter, they are stopped by the police for speeding and asked:
“You just heard the four minute warning?” After being sent on their
way, Rodney points out: “We died forty-five seconds ago.” Around the
same time, a sketch on the 
BBC Scotland programme Naked Video had a mock announcement warning of an attack with a punchline of “…except for viewers in Scotland.” A 1963 government publication did actually state that in
Scotland, people would be informed that fallout was expected in one hour by
“oral or whistle message” (as opposed to sirens or church bells

Opened in 1994 as the successor to the
Transitional Immigrant Visa Processing Center in Rosslyn, Va., the NVC
centralizes all immigrant visa preprocessing and appointment scheduling for
overseas posts.
The NVC collects paperwork and fees before forwarding a
case, ready for adjudication, to the responsible post.

The center also handles immigrant and fiancé visa petitions, and while it does
not adjudicate visa applications, it provides technical assistance and support
to visa-adjudicating consular officials overseas. Only two Foreign Service
officers, the director and deputy director, work at the center, along with just
five Civil Service employees.

They work with almost 500 contract
employees doing preprocessing of visas, making the center one of the largest
employers in the Portsmouth area.

The contractor, Serco, Inc., has worked with the NVC
since its inception and with the Department for almost 18 years.

The NVC houses more than 2.6 million immigrant visa files, receives almost two
million pieces of mail per year and received more than half a million petitions
from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) in 2011. Its file
rooms’ high-density shelves are stacked floor-to-ceiling with files, each a
collection of someone’s hopes and dreams and each requiring proper

“Two years after graduating, Obama was hired in Chicago as
director of the 
Developing Communities Project, a
church-based community organization originally comprising eight Catholic
parishes in 
RoselandWest Pullman, and Riverdale on Chicago’s South Side. He worked there as a community organizer from June 1985 to May 1988.[31][33] He helped set up a job training program, a college preparatory
tutoring program, and a tenants’ rights organization in Altgeld Gardens.
[34] Obama also worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel
, a community
organizing institute.
[35] In mid-1988, he traveled
for the first time in Europe for three weeks and then for five weeks in Kenya,
where he met many of his 
paternal relatives for
the first time.
[36][37] He returned to Kenya in 1992 with his
fiancée Michelle and his half-sister Auma.
[36][38] He returned to Kenya in August 2006 for a visit to his father’s
birthplace, a village near 
Kisumu in rural
western Kenya.
Obama entered Harvard Law
 in the fall of 1988.
He was selected as an editor of the 
Harvard Law
 at the end of his
first year,
[40] president of the journal in his second year,[34][41] and research assistant to the constitutional scholar Laurence Tribe while at Harvard for two years.[42] During his summers, he returned to Chicago, where he worked as
associate at the law firms of Sidley Austin in 1989 and Hopkins & Sutter in 1990.[43] After graduating with a J.D. magna cum laude[44] from Harvard in 1991, he returned to Chicago.[40] Obama’s election as the first
black president of the Harvard Law Review
 gained national media attention[34][41] and led to a publishing contract and advance for a book about
race relations,
[45] which evolved into a personal memoir. The manuscript was
published in mid-1995 as 
Dreams from
My Father

Communications, an EADS North America company, is the world’s largest and most
trusted source for mission-critical communications technologies, including
next-generation 9-1-1 call processing platforms,
emergency notification solutions and services, and P25 land mobile radio
and LTE networks.
 For over four decades, Cassidian Communications has
upheld its promise to keep people connected when it matters most, consistently
designing solutions with an open mind and creating smarter ways to ensure all
communities are safe. Today, the company
supports more than 60% of all Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) in the
United States, serving over 200 million people, plus hundreds of private sector
businesses spanning diverse industries, including transportation, finance and
healthcare industries, and Federal Civil and DoD operations globally
. For
Cassidian Communications, CRITICAL MATTERS™.”

“About Cassidian CyberSecurity (www.cassidiancybersecurity.com
Cassidian CyberSecurity is a 100% Cassidian company entirely devoted to
addressing the cyber security market across Europe and the Middle-East,
operating from France, the United Kingdom and Germany.
 Cassidian CyberSecurity’s high-grade
expertise includes “Cyber Defence & Professional Services”
focusing on high-grade professional services and establishing Security
Operation Centres; “Trusted infrastructure” aiming at cryptography,
digital identity management and high-security national solutions, and “Secure
Mobility”, focused on services for mobile device security. To reinforce
its solutions and establish a European cluster for cyber security products and
services, Cassidian CyberSecurity took over Netasq in 2012 and Arkoon in 2013.
Cassidian CyberSecurity generated revenues of 100 million euros in 2012, with a
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“Life in a Disaster Morgue
Thu, 12/01/2005 –
Douglas Page

The call comes anytime
jetliners go down, de-orbiting shuttles disintegrate, terrorists raze
skyscrapers, or killer hurricanes roar ashore.

David R. Senn, DDS, a
member of the Bexar County, TX, Forensic Dental Team, was in Colorado when his
call came on Saturday, August 27, 2005, 48 hours before Katrina made landfall.
The commander of the Region VI Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team
(DMORT) was calling. Katrina was a monster, growing to a Category 5 hurricane
on the Saffir Simpson scale, and headed straight for New Orleans. Destruction
and death was certain.

Senn, a veteran
forensic DMORT odontologist, was to report to Baton Rouge, LA, where a
temporary morgue was being set up in an empty brick warehouse in nearby St.
Gabriel, a Louisiana town of 6,000, once home to a leper colony. There would be
bodies to identify. Senn altered his plans, caught the next plane back home to
San Antonio, cleared his teaching schedule, collected his DMORT grab-and-go bag
containing enough gear, clothing, and personal items to last about two weeks,
and was in Dallas on Sunday, where his team assembled before caravanning 370
miles overnight to Baton Rouge, arriving at 3 A.M. Monday, August 29, just as
Katrina began pounding the Gulf coast.

“We took 30 people
from Dallas to Baton Rouge, including the DMORT Region VI commander, deputy commander,
and administrative officer,” said Senn, a diplomat of the American Board of
Forensic Odontology (DABFO). Another deputy commander lived in Baton Rouge and
was already on the job. Region VI covers Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arkansas,
and Louisiana.

Last Responders
The National Funeral Directors Association (NFDA) is credited with conceiving
the concept of DMORT in the early 1980s. NFDA was concerned at the time about
lack of standards handling the dead in mass casualty events. Protocols needed
to be imposed on a process that had none. It was also soon apparent that the
services of outside forensic professionals would be necessary to augment local
resources during disaster response. The NFDA subsequently purchased the
components of the first portable morgue, called a Disaster Portable Morgue Unit

DMORTs and DPMUs are
now part of the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS), a section of
Operations Branch of the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Response
Division. NDMS determines when to activate, which DMORTS to deploy, and where
the DPMUs are to be dispatched – usually any incident in which the number of
casualties overwhelms local forensic or mortuary resources. The country is
divided into ten DMORT regions, geographically similar to the ten Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) regions.

In 1997, the Aviation
Disaster Family Assistance Act was signed into law in response to several
aircraft accidents. The Act directed the National Transportation Safety Board
(NTSB) to coordinate federal resources to identify victims. The NTSB then
signed an agreement with NDMS to provide DMORT support in such cases. In 1998,
a DMORT team specializing in bio-chemical fatalities was created in response to
increasing concern for the release of weapons of mass destruction by

The DMORT idea has
rooted. A small group of DMORT members is now routinely deployed in advance of
situations where mass fatalities might result from terror attack, such as
presidential state-of-the-union addresses, papal visits, or Olympic Games.
Since their 1993 formation, DMORTs have responded to about twenty
incidents, from cemetery floods and plane crashes to train derailments and
terror attacks. Senn, for instance, was part of the team called to attempt
dental identification at the 2001 World Trade Center disaster and again at the
2003 STS-107 Columbia crash.

DMORTs usually cover disaster incidents in their own area, although
four DMORTs were dispatched to New York City following September 11, three to Washington, D.C., and one to Somerset County,
PA. Katrina was even more unusual. All ten teams were mobilized to the Gulf

unprecedented,” said Patricia Kaufmann, MD, commander of DMORT Region III
(Pennsylvania, Maryland, Washington DC, Delaware, Virginia, and West Virginia).
Still, the nationwide DMORT response to the Gulf Coast was scarcely enough.
Remains were still being recovered seven weeks after the storm. Brian Chrz,
DDS, DABFO, a Perry, OK, forensic odontologist said six weeks after the storm DMORTs
were using dental resources wherever they could find them.

“We used military and
public health dentists if they were available,” he said.”

Yours sincerely,

Field McConnell, United States Naval Academy, 1971; Forensic Economist; 30 year
airline and 22 year military pilot; 23,000 hours of safety; Tel: 715 307 8222

David Hawkins Tel: 604 542-0891 Forensic Economist; former leader of oil-well
blow-out teams; now sponsors Grand Juries in CSI Crime and Safety Investigation

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